There are many forms of poetry. From sonnets to haikus to freeverse poetry, words can be arranged in any way one likes to express feelings through poetry. One such form of poetry is cinquain poetry. We’ll look at what cinquain poems are, the template for the poems, and some examples of different types of cinquain poems.
The defining feature of a cinquain poem is that it is made of five-lines. Like a haiku (which was the inspiration for cinquain) which has three-lines, original cinquain has five. I say original because there are many variations of this poem type and we will look into that.
The term cinquain is derived from the French word Cinq which means five. The term cinquain means a stanza of five or a stanza in poetry that’s made of five lines. There are different types of cinquain poems. A poem that has stanzas with five lines can be called a cinquain poem. But the original cinquain has a distinct pattern. First. Let’s have a look at the traditional cinquain poem.
The original cinquain was invented by Adelaide Crapsey. An anthology of cinquain poems called Verses was published by her in 1915. These original cinquain poems are very distinct with their tone, rhyme, and structure. Here’s the template for the original cinquain poem illustrated with the help of an example.
Cinquain poem template
The original cinquain poem, also called the traditional cinquain poem, has a very distinct pattern. There are five lines in a cinquain poem and each line has a purpose. The first pattern is the number of words or syllables. Using the template we have provided here, you can write your cinquain poems. Here’s the template;
The first line has one word
The second line has two words
The third line has three words
The fourth line has four words
The fifth line is the last and it has only one word.
Now the number of words has been cleared, these words are not just any random words. These words have a purpose and the overall meaning brings out the poem. Each line in a poem serves a different purpose. This is the purpose of each line in a cinquain;
- The first line is a noun. It is a single word which can be any noun such as “house”, “insect” or “car”. This is the subject one that the poem will be focused on.
- The second line has two words and these are the adjectives used to describe the noun in the first line. Describe the noun you chose in the first line with some general characteristics.
- The third line is about the verb. The line ends with an “-ing” suffix and is about a verb that is associated with the noun.
- The fourth line is about the effect of the noun. It is a feeling that is affected by the noun. Everything will be illustrated with examples later.
- The fifth line is just another name for the noun in the first line. It is a synonym for the noun used in the first line.
Here’s an example of a cinquain poem with different components;
Drinking, washing, bathing
Every animal needs it
Look at the example above. The first line is a noun, water. The next line contains adjectives that describe water. The third line is verbs associated with water. The fourth line contains the effects or use of the noun. This is where you can get creative while writing your cinquain poetry. The fourth line is just a synonym for the noun used in the first line.
Examples of cinquain poems
We cannot just write an article on cinquain poems and not provide some original cinquain poems from the writers here at Wordsrum. Here are some exclusive original cinquain poems categorized based on their themes.
Funny cinquain poems
Thinking, opening, asking
I hear five knocks
Roaring, roaming, hunting
There’s one near me
Eating, munching, devouring
I need one more
Reading, learning, repeating
Just ten-minute break
Multiplayer, competitive, casual
Just five minutes more
Comforting, dreaming, relaxing
Oh no I’m late
Cinquain poems for family and friends
Nurturing, guiding, providing
She loves the most
Protects, preserves prevents
From harsh sun heat
Belonging, believing, laughing
They make our world
Protecting, loving, caring
Closer than everyone
Guiding, mending, supporting
Always there for us
Different types of cinquain poems
While the traditional cinquain has a particular pattern to it, there are modern versions of it that are more liberal in terms of pattern. These poems have the required 5 lines per stanza, but the subject and the syllables are free from the traditional practices.
Here are some examples of modern cinquain poems by Wordsrum;
My ears long for those sweet
Sweet sounds of you humming
And singing those words
Stuck like a bee to a pot of honey
My memories hold your melodies
There’s isn’t anything shameful
In losing hope, for we all do
But what’s important is we find it again
And always try to
Losing hope but finding it again too
I have been wondering
Of a life that could have been
And I found that it’s neither good nor bad
It isn’t anything because it doesn’t exist
So I choose the present that is real to live
Such a journey are our thoughts
The places they take, imagination wrought
Some beautiful and fragrant, some stench with rot
But these vehicles are important for our minds
Whether you like their destinations or not.
A fire that burns
Riding the red coursing blood
And the heart beats wildly to run
To run away from your fears
Or to face it for a complete turn?
Don’t let it be just another day
Another day of things passing by
While your dream of that someday
Rise and wake up from your slumber
And make that someday today.
A long lost day
running wild, running stray
What a wild thing it is to have one
a memory so visceral that one forgets
that it is just a cruel remembrance
So these were the cinquain poems by Wordsrum. We hope the article was helpful in resolving your query. Do practice using the template and you can write cinquain poems easily. Read more article related to poetry and original poems by Wordsrum;